Magnetohydrodynamics: Buddy James: Thunderbolts
The word "magneto­hydro­dynamics" is derived from magneto- meaning magnetic field, hydro- meaning water
Magnetohydrodynamics (MHD; also called magneto-fluid dynamics or hydro­magnetics) is the study of the magnetic properties and behaviour of electrically conducting fluids. Examples of such magneto­fluids include plasmasliquid metalssalt water, and electrolytes. The word "magneto­hydro­dynamics" is derived from magneto- meaning magnetic fieldhydro- meaning water, and dynamics meaning movement. The field of MHD was initiated by Hannes Alfvén, for which he received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1970.

The fundamental concept behind MHD is that magnetic fields can induce currents in a moving conductive fluid, which in turn polarizes the fluid and reciprocally changes the magnetic field itself. The set of equations that describe MHD are a combination of the Navier–Stokes equations of fluid dynamics and Maxwell’s equations of electro­magnetism. These differential equations must be solved simultaneously, either analytically or numerically.

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Buddy James: Magnetohydrodynamics | Thunderbolts
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