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DesmondNewfoundland and Labrador's varied landscape was shaped by the ice ages

Newfoundland and Labrador's varied landscape was shaped by the ice ages, leaving snaking fiords, sharp coastal cliffs, moorland, lakes, and gentle valleys. The island of Newfoundland is the most easterly part of Canada, while the vast region of Labrador is largely inaccessible. Rugged scenic beauty aside, it is the offshore "Grand Banks", some of the world's richest fishing grounds, that are the island's most famous legacy. Fog, which occurs all year round, characterizes the coastal climate.
About a fifth of the population lives in the St. John's commuter area, while the rest are in smaller cities and fishing villages along the coast. Originally people lived along the whole length of the twisting shoreline, but in the 1970s a resettlement campaign grouped people into small communities of one to two hundred. Newfoundland is unusual for Canada in having a very homogenous population: most "Newfies" are English-speaking and were born on the island.

Cape Spear Lighthouse National Historic Site
[Image: canada-newfoundland-cape-spear.jpg]
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